Megaliths (from the Greek. μέγας — large, λίθος — stone) — prehistoric structures of large stone blocks, joined without cement or mortar. In the limiting case that one module (the menhir).
Early megalithic structures of Asia Minor.
Large ceremonial structures IX Millennium BC have been discovered in Asia Minor. They belong to the era of the emergence of agriculture and animal husbandry in the society, under the influence of or directly from it happened later middle Eastern and European Neolithic. Structures are a large circle patterns, based on megalithic columns (3 m or more) of solid hewn stone. The most ancient of nowadays known are the temples of Göbekli Tepe and Nevali-Chori. In the Göbekli Tepe thus far excavated only four churches out of about two dozen. The diameter reaches some 30 m. On the columns there are bas-relief images of animals (foxes, boars, lions, birds, snakes and Scorpions). Although these temples are the oldest megalithic structures on Earth, it is unknown how they are related to European megaliths.
Megaliths are prevalent worldwide mainly in coastal areas. In Europe they mostly date back to the Eneolithic and bronze age (3rd — 2nd Millennium BC), with the exception of British Continue reading
The oldest buildings in the world
How old is the architecture? Experts are sure that the first buildings appeared on Earth long before the onset of ad. With ancient buildings sometimes look just amazing. Even the question arises – who really built the ancient buildings, fragments of which have survived to the present day.
Djosser pyramid at Saqqara is recognized as the oldest building on the planet. Built the construction from the Egyptians, and even it is known that the ancient architect called Imhotep. The pyramid was built around the year 2650 BC. This is the first such facility, other Egyptian pyramids came much later. The construction height is 62 meters, and the base size 121*109 meters.
Djosser pyramid at Saqqara
In Europe is the most ancient settlement of Skara Brae . It’s an amazing monument, which is located on the Islands of Scotland. The settlement is very well preserved, and allowed the scientists to learn details of life of ancient people. Here are 10 homes that were built approximately in 2500, the year BC. Ancient dwellings struck by its equipped. The researchers argue that there were covered walkways, heating, bathrooms and water.
settlement Skara Brae, Scotland
Stonehenge in England is not only Continue reading
The main attractions of Vienna
Vienna – capital of Austria. a city with a long history and a global capital of music. Here lived and worked, from Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms and other great composers. In addition, Vienna attracts tourists for its rich architecture: the buildings in this city are used to illustrate the styles of different eras, starting with the Romanesque and early Gothic to contemporary postmodernism.
His acquaintance with Vienna it is best to start with a visit to the Stephen’s Square (Stephanplatz), on which stands St. Stephen’s Cathedral – a city landmark and a national symbol of Austria. Originally here stood the Basilica, which in the twelfth century and formed the Cathedral. In the middle of the thirteenth century, when Vienna was a fire that destroyed much of the city, including St. Stephen’s Cathedral. Soon construction work began, and by the beginning of XIV century there was built a magnificent Gothic building. The Cathedral was damaged in the war with the Turks in the XVII century and during the Second world war. In 1948 it was restored. St. Stephen’s Cathedral is considered one of the most beautiful and majestic Gothic buildings of Europe.
Among the many Vienna attractions should be highlighted Augustinian Church is another monument of Gothic architecture. It was built in the XIV century, in the heyday of Continue reading