In the Gothic architecture reflected a fundamental change in the structure of medieval society. The world’s leading architectural type became the city’s Cathedral. frame system of Gothic architecture (Lancet arches lean against columns; lateral raspor cross vaults, laid on the ribs, transmitted by flying buttresses to the buttresses) has allowed to create an unprecedented height and breadth, the interiors of cathedrals to cut through the walls huge Windows with multi-colored stained glass Windows. The aspiration of a Cathedral up expressed huge openwork towers, Lancet Windows and portals, curved statues, the intricate ornament. In addition, the developed urban planning and civil architecture: houses, town hall, shopping arcades, the city tower with elegant decor. In sculpture, stained-glass Windows, picturesque and carved altars, miniatures, decorative items of symbolic-allegorical story combined with new spiritual aspirations, lyrical emotions; expanded interest in the real world, the nature, the richness of experiences. In 15-16 centuries the Gothic was replaced by Renaissance.
The principles of Gothic
As the Romanesque style. Gothic was developed under the auspices of the Catholic Church. Gothic art remained primarily a cult for the intended purpose and religious topics. Hence, symbolic and allegorical way of thinking and the traits of conventions in artistic language. From the Romanesque Gothic architecture inherited the headship of the architecture in the system of arts, traditional types of religious buildings. The leading type in the era Continue reading
Mitla – not built by Indians.
Mitla- (or rather Mictlan = city of the dead) — is famous for its ancient ruins of a village in Mexico, in Oaxaca, the site of the ancient Aztec city Joó-PAA, which preserved the remains of 4 major palaces and two temple pyramids.
The blocks overlap are striking not so much for its size as very smooth edges in those places where damage and erosion was not too strong. Obtaining such quality without cutting impossible.
Option 1. The complex is built entirely by the Indians. Then it is necessary to recognize that the Indians of Mesoamerica were familiar with this technique as sawing. Moreover, they had to have a strong enough saw to work albeit with a fairly mild, but still stone (natural stone). But then we have to explain two facts. Why the arrival of the Spaniards the Indians somehow was already completely unfamiliar with the saws. And why so far not revealed any saw among the enormous number of archaeological finds pertaining to the pre-Colombian era, as not detected and no image with the sawing?!
Option 2. The Indians built their structures on the foundations of ancient buildings is a completely different civilization, which possessed the technology of cutting. They also used the blocks from the ancient Continue reading
The mysterious pyramid on the seabed
Underwater archaeologists are faced with another mystery, found on the bottom of the lake Pusan (South-Western province of Yunnan), an ancient pyramid. The height of the pyramid is 19 meters, the length of its base — 90 feet. Enigmatic structure built of stone slabs and consists of five steps. The top two level of the pyramid, made of Sandstone, are destroyed. And other ledges, constructed limestone, firmer breed is well preserved. Interestingly, at the bottom of the lake Pusan has, at least, nine objects of such size, and the number of medium and small plants of another species has thirty.
As suggested by the head of the archaeological center at the University Whether Kunsheng, the object is the creation of an ancient civilization. The area of the architectural complex is about 2.5 square kilometers. From the bottom of the lake archeologists have lifted a clay vessel, which, Continue reading