Sevastopol – Landscape monuments, Cave city, Cave
Sevastopol is situated on the territory of two ancient cities which are more than two and a half thousand years (Chersonesos, Balaklava).
Numerous caves, formed naturally, thousands of years used by ancient people. They probably found shelter by ancient people, and later the Cimmerians and the Tauri. The first known man-made structures beneath the earth became cave monasteries VII — IX centuries of our era.
From 1783 the construction of the city. Built buildings, docks, berths, roads and underground constructions simultaneously. The Navy needed secure warehouses and a powder magazine. Caves in the rocky banks of the Sevastopol bays was a perfect fit for use, they were deepened and widened, turning them into secure storage naval assets and ammunition.
The Crimean war 1853-1856 gg confirmed the need for underground structures. They were not only warehouses of food and ammunition, but also the perfect refuge for the population and personnel of the troops. By this time, the size of the dungeon exceeded twenty-five thousand square meters. In addition, both the warring sides was carried out so-called mine war. Opponents tried to lay the underground tunnels under fortifications Continue reading