In the Gothic architecture reflected a fundamental change in the structure of medieval society. The world’s leading architectural type became the city’s Cathedral. frame system of Gothic architecture (Lancet arches lean against columns; lateral raspor cross vaults, laid on the ribs, transmitted by flying buttresses to the buttresses) has allowed to create an unprecedented height and breadth, the interiors of cathedrals to cut through the walls huge Windows with multi-colored stained glass Windows. The aspiration of a Cathedral up expressed huge openwork towers, Lancet Windows and portals, curved statues, the intricate ornament. In addition, the developed urban planning and civil architecture: houses, town hall, shopping arcades, the city tower with elegant decor. In sculpture, stained-glass Windows, picturesque and carved altars, miniatures, decorative items of symbolic-allegorical story combined with new spiritual aspirations, lyrical emotions; expanded interest in the real world, the nature, the richness of experiences. In 15-16 centuries the Gothic was replaced by Renaissance.
The principles of Gothic
As the Romanesque style. Gothic was developed under the auspices of the Catholic Church. Gothic art remained primarily a cult for the intended purpose and religious topics. Hence, symbolic and allegorical way of thinking and the traits of conventions in artistic language. From the Romanesque Gothic architecture inherited the headship of the architecture in the system of arts, traditional types of religious buildings. The leading type in the era Continue reading
Tour in Gothic quarter
Barcelona is considered one of the most popular cities in Spain, as evidenced by the statistics of visiting the city tourists. They all come to this famous city to see the most original and popular attractions, including the Gothic quarter in Barcelona. The uniqueness of this quarter is that in it are all the most popular city attractions. In particular, this is where you can see ancient monuments, which were erected on the ruins of ancient Roman buildings. The Gothic quarter was named in honor of the fact that most buildings are made here in this same architectural style. A visit to this famous quarter you are likely to remember for a very long time. The thing is that you can step back a few centuries ago and feel the spirit of the city.
Of course, it is necessary to say a few words about the most famous monuments, which are located in the area of the city. For example, in the Gothic quarter you can see the majestic buildings of Barcelona — the Cathedral and the city hall and the government. In the historical centre of the quarter is the famous area of the King. It is known primarily from the fact that here was held the meeting between the seafarer and traveler Christopher Columbus after his most famous expedition to the shores of America. In addition, this quarter is Continue reading
Attractions Palma de Mallorca
The Cathedral is an unrivalled specimen of the Gothic of the middle Ages Mediterranean countries. Over its design worked over 300 years many generations of the best sculptors and architects in Spain – the erection of the temple started in the 13th century (1230-ohms). Reconstruction of the building was carried out almost to the middle of the 19th century.
Castle of Bellver is the only circular Gothic structure. Stands on a high hill with a magnificent view of the Bay and the city. Over the years he has been a prison, a home for royalty, the Museum. Now it contains archaeological artifacts and medieval furniture and paintings. Has several towers arranged them on observation decks for views.
The Palace of the Almudaina is one of the oldest buildings-residences of the kings of Majorca, which during the reign of the Moors was converted into the Alcazar (Arab fortress). At this time, the Palace is a summer resort for the Royal family of Spain. However, he is not closed to unauthorized access as and Museum, so there are public tours. The time of the erection of the Palace – 13th century.
Building Sa Loja – example of Gothic architecture. Previously, it housed the administration of the local Merchant Association and conducted trade deals (there were stock exchange). But now this curious exhibition Continue reading