The Hunchback Of Notre Dame
The Cathedral of Notre Dame (Notre Dame de Paris, Notre-Dame de Paris)
The Cathedral of Notre Dame (Notre Dame de Paris, Notre-Dame de Paris)— the geographical and spiritual “heart” of Paris, located in the Eastern part of île de La Cité, in place of the first Christian Church in Paris — St. Stephen’s Basilica, built, in turn, the site of the Gallo-Roman temple of Jupiter.
In the world there are many magnificent cathedrals, but not all of them are known as Notre-Dame de Paris. This is one of the acknowledged masterpieces of architecture, a monument of history and culture.
ILE DE LA CITÉ
Like a ship Ile de La Cité was repeatedly conquered by the Romans, he was struck by the hordes of Huns and other foreigners, but despite the adversity he continued sailing through the centuries of history “and in the calm and in the storm”. No wonder the coat of arms of Paris is a ship sailing on waves, with the motto: “It shakes, but does not sink”.
Many visitors of Paris start their acquaintance with him from the Ile de La Cité. Because here is the ancestor of the ancient churches of France — famous Notre Dame Cathedral, which is the pride of the country, praised by poets and writers, captured in the paintings of famous artists
Here it is – Cape “ship” under the name “the Island of the Sieve ”
FROM THE HISTORY OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CATHEDRAL
The construction of the Cathedral of Notre Dame on île de La Cité was begun in the twelfth century in 1163,under Louis VII French.
Construction lasted nearly 182 years, ending only in the mid 14th century .
Before our time, thanks to the signature 8-foot section of the basement, it got the name
one of the builders: “Master Jean from Shelley began this work on February 11 1258”.
The length of the Cathedral is 130 meters, height of towers 69 meters. The temple can simultaneously accommodate more than nine thousand people.
The main facade of Notre Dame is “not Gothic”: the project peaked spires on the tops of the two towers were not constructed so as not to disturb the achieved harmony.
The Cathedral is a Latin cross. It is made specifically to the Cathedral resembled a cross. on which Jesus was crucified Christ
THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CROSS GOTHIC CHURCHES