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Great Zavolzhsky shaft

PEACEBUILDING

The remains of this massive structure can be traced throughout the Russian TRANS-Volga region – from the Astrakhan region to Tatarstan, after which this earthen wall turns to the East and is lost somewhere in the foothills of the Middle Urals. Size Zavolzhsky historical shaft cannot fail to impress: in total, its length is at least two and a half thousand kilometers!

Most scientists of various specialties have put forward many hypotheses to explain the origin of the legends of the Samarskaya Luka Peninsula on the Middle Volga. According to one hypothesis, the area of the Volga region became the last stronghold of the representatives of a certain race, who lived on the Russian plain a few thousand years ago. Pressed on all sides by enemies-nomads, these people came to the banks of the Volga river, where took refuge in remote caves and mountain gorges, and founded a mysterious underground settlements.

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THE MYSTERIOUS DOLMENS OF ANTEQUERA

THE MYSTERIOUS DOLMENS OF ANTEQUERA

In the province of Malaga you can see megalithic constructions ancestors of the Spaniards.

Everyone has heard about these megalithic* structures of antiquity, like Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids. However, the claim that only very few our compatriots – immigrants living in southern Spain or coming here as tourists, heard about the dolmens of Antequera.

The first mention of one of them – Dalmine Menga (or Mangal) – date back to 1530, the ninth year and is located in málaga notes the Bishop Caesar Riario. In other ancient, but later manuscripts can also be found mention of this dolmen. But the first research about him, we meet only in 1842, the year – in the work of Cristobal Fernandez – and then, in 1847, the year – in the labour málaga architect Rafael mitjana beach and Edison entitled “Notes on the druid temple found in the area of Antequera”. From this time, you can say that Spain began the study of these mysterious megalithic structures.

In the 19th century, the dolmen of Menga visited and described many Spanish and foreign historians and archaeologists, such as Gongora, Siret, Gomez-Moreno, Mélida, Mortele, Obermayer, Leisner, etc. as well as famous travellers lady Louisa Tenison (1852 year) and prosper mérimée (1853-m). Continue reading

Saint-Denis

Saint-Denis – Keeper of French history

Saint-Denis is a Northern suburb of Paris. The suburb is named after the eponymous Abbey, which houses the tomb of the kings of France. This building is considered a gem of Gothic architecture in France.

The date of Foundation of the Abbey considered to be 625 a year, and its Cathedral is the oldest Gothic building. The main Cathedral of the Abbey erected on the grave of St. Dionysius, and dedicated to him. According to the legend, Dionysius came here after his execution, carrying the severed head in his hands.

In 1122 the post of Abbot in the monastery choose the Suger, who at the time was an adviser to Louis VI and VII. This person has also expanded the monastery grounds.

According to Suger, the Church should be the place where must freely penetrate the rays of divine light. In practice his idea begun in 1137, when construction began on the Gothic Church. Subsequently this had a huge impact on the development of Gothic in France.

When Sugaree was first used for the altar jog in the architectural scheme and made the rose window of the facade of the Basilica. But the main achievement became the Abbot stained glass Windows, are combined in cycles, which outlined the overall plot.

A new page in the difficult history of the monastery opens Continue reading

The age of the great pyramid

The age of the great pyramid

Among Egyptologists there is no doubt that pyramids were built in Egypt, when he entered into the dynastic period. But for many authors of popular science books it is not the fact. In extreme cases, they agree that this statement is true for all similar constructions, except the pyramid of Cheops. According to some authors, it is a monument remaining to us in the inheritance from extraterrestrials who visited our planet thousands of years ago. Already mentioned by Zakaria Sitchin, one of many defenders of this theory, argues that the Great pyramid served as a beacon for arriving to earth of space ships (as well as “transit prison” for aliens). Others believe that it is a memorial, built by the Atlanteans who survived the destruction of their civilization. According to some researchers, the pyramid of Khufu is a monument remaining to us in the inheritance from some civilization that existed before the flood. So, John Anthony West cites as an example the nearby Sphinx and declares that it is “clearly” visible traces of water erosion. According to him, the fact that we are now “clearly” see, could arise only as a result of rains that have passed in this area since 2500 BC, Therefore, he also considers the date of construction the pyramid of Cheops to 400 g 10. BC mythical date that causes so many to accept the interpretation of Sasa. Unfortunately, it is often assumed that the prediction has more weight than the rationale underlying this or that theory, or at least reinforces it. It is therefore logical that serious scientists, Egyptologists and including against people who want to bring guesses and predictions in the scientific debate. Scientific discussions, as you know, requires not mere allegation and prophecy. Continue reading

Underground Sevastopol

Underground Sevastopol

Sevastopol – Landscape monuments, Cave city, Cave

Sevastopol is situated on the territory of two ancient cities which are more than two and a half thousand years (Chersonesos, Balaklava).

Numerous caves, formed naturally, thousands of years used by ancient people. They probably found shelter by ancient people, and later the Cimmerians and the Tauri. The first known man-made structures beneath the earth became cave monasteries VII — IX centuries of our era.

From 1783 the construction of the city. Built buildings, docks, berths, roads and underground constructions simultaneously. The Navy needed secure warehouses and a powder magazine. Caves in the rocky banks of the Sevastopol bays was a perfect fit for use, they were deepened and widened, turning them into secure storage naval assets and ammunition.

The Crimean war 1853-1856 gg confirmed the need for underground structures. They were not only warehouses of food and ammunition, but also the perfect refuge for the population and personnel of the troops. By this time, the size of the dungeon exceeded twenty-five thousand square meters. In addition, both the warring sides was carried out so-called mine war. Opponents tried to lay the underground tunnels under fortifications Continue reading

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The oldest buildings in the world
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