Mitla – not built by Indians
Mitla – not built by Indians.
Mitla- (or rather Mictlan = city of the dead) — is famous for its ancient ruins of a village in Mexico, in Oaxaca, the site of the ancient Aztec city Joó-PAA, which preserved the remains of 4 major palaces and two temple pyramids.
The blocks overlap are striking not so much for its size as very smooth edges in those places where damage and erosion was not too strong. Obtaining such quality without cutting impossible.
Option 1. The complex is built entirely by the Indians. Then it is necessary to recognize that the Indians of Mesoamerica were familiar with this technique as sawing. Moreover, they had to have a strong enough saw to work albeit with a fairly mild, but still stone (natural stone). But then we have to explain two facts. Why the arrival of the Spaniards the Indians somehow was already completely unfamiliar with the saws. And why so far not revealed any saw among the enormous number of archaeological finds pertaining to the pre-Colombian era, as not detected and no image with the sawing?!
Option 2. The Indians built their structures on the foundations of ancient buildings is a completely different civilization, which possessed the technology of cutting. They also used the blocks from the ancient the ruins as slabs. But material ancient buildings is clearly not enough. This explains the fact that an intermediate tier between the base and the ceilings built of rough stone laid in mortar and plastered on the outside. At the same time and were plastered smooth covering blocks (which are not required from the viewpoint of construction technology).
The top is decorated with exquisite ornamentation. In those places where archaeologists were forced to repair the damage, you can see that the ornament is not carved on a monolithic rock and is composed of small pieces of fabric like a mosaic.
The Central object of the second group of structures is the so-called Temple with columns. Here are traced the same construction techniques. Moreover, in places where the foundations of ancient structures have been damaged, the Indians patched holes primitive the laying of crushed stone.
Current look plastered and painted with red paint wall and staircase of the facade – the result of activity of restorers (painting continued under us
In the courtyard there is an opportunity to get acquainted with a painted ornamentation of the walls, which here is located at a small height. It appears very non-trivial detail: the ornament consists of flat tiles of small size. Talking about the production number is almost standardized and very smooth tiles without the use of saws simple tapping and grinding and is not necessary – it is a tremendous job.
There are simply etched in stone ornament. But it is found only in monolithic blocks of a floor where the tiles just don’t use.
And again, the alternative: either the Indians were saws, necessary for the production of stone tile almost on an industrial scale; this tile also refers to the more ancient civilization like smooth blocks.
On two sides of the main staircase of the temple direct evidence of the technology of cutting two slits in the stone slabs. Bottom and side it seems that these are two separate unit. however, top shows that this is only a small cut (probably decorative, although I do not rule out the possibility of some vague utilitarian its purpose). And those are exactly the cuts that no slotting or drilling.
Near the Palace lies a large block. here is simply a classic example of manual processing in simple obtusifolium: no normal samples inside corners or flat faces.
Here is the rest of the wall, where it is seen that a small, flat blocks was used (most likely by Indians ?) as usual veneer of rubble masonry.
In the third group of structures – the same principle of lining the booth, but not simple stone walls, and tiled directly to the ornament.
But much more interesting then underground rooms, the first of which is quite well preserved smooth wall is clearly discordant with the uneven surface of the ceiling plates. Nature of irregularities allows you to nominate the next version.
The ancient structure was severely damaged. The Indians decided to restore it, but the blocks overlap they had somewhere to drag. As you drag blocks on logs and small stones type of gravel, and formed the now visible longitudinal stripes on the lower surface of the slab.
But the second underground room is simply amazing in its quality.
Of course, archaeologists believe the construction of his burial, which by the time of the arrival of the Spaniards was devastated (and again, of course!) by looters.
And in our opinion: a great bunker. Built by an ancient highly developed technological civilization, and not the Indians who create such was not simple possibilities.