Brick architecture in ancient China
Brick architecture in ancient China.
● The appearance of the name “gold brick” can be explained by two factors. One of the reasons is when we tap on the brick heard a ringing sound that resembled the ringing of metal. The second reason for this name lies in its price. The production of the bricks were quite expensive and requires investment of considerable material and labor resources that could not afford even every wealthy man. It was a brick of very high quality, designed for the Imperial palaces. Manufacturing technology of gold brick was strictly observed throughout the production process. It included choice of clay with the appropriate characteristics, if not sufficient amount of the desired clay, we applied the methods of obtaining artificial clay with desired characteristics. After preparing the clay followed her shaped and then the blank bricks were sent for drying, and after a certain amount of time was subject to burning. And the firing process was the most time-consuming and energy-consuming. The first month of the brick was burned on smoldering husk, the second month – on wood chips, in the third month the brick was burned on the branches and on the final stage of the firing occurred on the pine branches for forty days. Altogether it is 130 (one hundred thirty!) days. The laying of the gold brick was also conducted without undue fuss – the masons were obliged to the clutch without any hint of the presence of cracks. The bricks were subjected to polishing and further processing in the form of impregnation with crude oil, after which he acquired a brilliant black color jade.
● Chinese pagoda was built with different building materials: wood, stone, brick and combination of several materials simultaneously. A distinctive feature of pagodas from other buildings is that in China all the buildings had underground rooms. With the exceptions of the pagoda, where this underground room was called the “underground Palace” or ” dragon cave “. These underground structures contained in the structure of the pagoda served as the mausoleums of the emperors and kings of ancient China, they were also places of storage of various relics. Built underground palaces of stone or brick and can be round, square or six-, octagonal shape.
● The great wall of China has a length of about 8851,8 km and is characterized by an inhomogeneous composition used in its construction materials. Fortified buildings of individual Chinese kingdoms existed in the IV century BC to fence against the incursions of nomadic peoples from the North. In the year 221 BC, the Emperor Shi Huangdi, who set his life’s purpose to unite all the Chinese States under his authority, gives the order to connect all the separate parts of defensive structures in a single system. The final completion of its construction took place in the III century of our era. Only 6260 km of walls consists of brick masonry. The original form of the wall preserved in its Western part – width varies from nine meters at the base to six feet on the upper level at a height of ten meters. The impressive width of the wall was used as a means of rapid transportation of reinforcements to the areas that were attacked. This gave an opportunity to considerably speed up the movement of troops on the flat plane of the paved road on the wall without having to exhaust myself, moving across rugged mountainous terrain. Every two hundred meters along the entire length of the wall were built guard towers.
● The forbidden city – a complex of Imperial palaces in Beijing . Most of the buildings are made of wood, but also the use of brick was not restricted only with the construction of the wall length of 3400 meters. It is noteworthy that the heating system has been laid through underground communications, and was located under the floor of buildings, paved with brick.
● Architectural characteristics of buildings in ancient China, one can distinguish several types. Depending on the destination facilities, the status of its owner there were several types of buildings: religious, Imperial, for people of noble birth and commoners. The influence of Chinese architectural style in the middle ages is clearly seen in neighbouring China countries: Korea, Japan, Vietnam.