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What where and when the megaliths were created?

Megaliths (from the Greek. μέγας — large, λίθος — stone) — prehistoric structures of large stone blocks, joined without cement or mortar. In the limiting case that one module (the menhir).

Early megalithic structures of Asia Minor.

Large ceremonial structures IX Millennium BC have been discovered in Asia Minor. They belong to the era of the emergence of agriculture and animal husbandry in the society, under the influence of or directly from it happened later middle Eastern and European Neolithic. Structures are a large circle patterns, based on megalithic columns (3 m or more) of solid hewn stone. The most ancient of nowadays known are the temples of Göbekli Tepe and Nevali-Chori. In the Göbekli Tepe thus far excavated only four churches out of about two dozen. The diameter reaches some 30 m. On the columns there are bas-relief images of animals (foxes, boars, lions, birds, snakes and Scorpions)[7]. Although these temples are the oldest megalithic structures on Earth, it is unknown how they are related to European megaliths.

European megaliths.

Megaliths are prevalent worldwide mainly in coastal areas. In Europe they mostly date back to the Eneolithic and bronze age (3rd — 2nd Millennium BC), with the exception of British Continue reading

The oldest buildings in the world

The oldest buildings in the world

How old is the architecture? Experts are sure that the first buildings appeared on Earth long before the onset of ad. With ancient buildings sometimes look just amazing. Even the question arises – who really built the ancient buildings, fragments of which have survived to the present day.

Djosser pyramid at Saqqara is recognized as the oldest building on the planet. Built the construction from the Egyptians, and even it is known that the ancient architect called Imhotep. The pyramid was built around the year 2650 BC. This is the first such facility, other Egyptian pyramids came much later. The construction height is 62 meters, and the base size 121*109 meters.

Djosser pyramid at Saqqara

In Europe is the most ancient settlement of Skara Brae . It’s an amazing monument, which is located on the Islands of Scotland. The settlement is very well preserved, and allowed the scientists to learn details of life of ancient people. Here are 10 homes that were built approximately in 2500, the year BC. Ancient dwellings struck by its equipped. The researchers argue that there were covered walkways, heating, bathrooms and water.

settlement Skara Brae, Scotland

Stonehenge in England is not only Continue reading

The main attractions of Vienna

The main attractions of Vienna

Vienna – capital of Austria. a city with a long history and a global capital of music. Here lived and worked, from Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms and other great composers. In addition, Vienna attracts tourists for its rich architecture: the buildings in this city are used to illustrate the styles of different eras, starting with the Romanesque and early Gothic to contemporary postmodernism.

His acquaintance with Vienna it is best to start with a visit to the Stephen’s Square (Stephanplatz), on which stands St. Stephen’s Cathedral – a city landmark and a national symbol of Austria. Originally here stood the Basilica, which in the twelfth century and formed the Cathedral. In the middle of the thirteenth century, when Vienna was a fire that destroyed much of the city, including St. Stephen’s Cathedral. Soon construction work began, and by the beginning of XIV century there was built a magnificent Gothic building. The Cathedral was damaged in the war with the Turks in the XVII century and during the Second world war. In 1948 it was restored. St. Stephen’s Cathedral is considered one of the most beautiful and majestic Gothic buildings of Europe.

Among the many Vienna attractions should be highlighted Augustinian Church is another monument of Gothic architecture. It was built in the XIV century, in the heyday of Continue reading

Conservatory named after Sobinov

Temple of art in the southern Gothic style

One of the main architectural pride of Saratov. The ancient Gothic castle – is quite understandable in the environment of the capital of the Volga-Germans. However, the Gothic building of this great University is much younger than the style in which it is performed, which, however, does not reduce neither its beauty nor grandeur.

Saratov Imperial Russian musical society, Moscow Conservatory began its official existence in 1912 is named in honor of crown Prince Alexei, the third Conservatory in Russia. It will not only third, but also one of the strongest in the country. In 1918, the Conservatory was nationalized, will be called “state”, and in 1935 was given the name of a famous singer Leonid Sobinov, the largest representative of classical Russian vocal school, performing in these walls.

This building was built ten years before formation of the Conservatoire in 1902 (architect A. Y. Ahn). First, there was the music school. In fact, the school of music and was not abolished: after all, this level of education before Conservatory – to the previous one, as without it? The school remained in place, and is still renowned as the leading musical talents. But the same building 1912 before the opening of the Conservatory survived the reconstruction (architect Continue reading

Famous Gothic buildings

This Church was built for Maria Feodorovna, who recently moved from Denmark and buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral. She was a Protestant, so for her to built a building of an Orthodox temple in the style that she was familiar from childhood. It was visited only by the Royal family. Upon returning to our country, the body of the Empress was transported first to this Church, where it was the day, and then transferred to the Peter and Paul fortress. Service today, there are infrequently, about four times a year. Rest of the time, the temple serves as a Museum.

The Lutheran Church of St. Michael

The Evangelical Lutheran St. Michael’s Cathedral is a Church in St. Petersburg. who knows the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ingria. It is located on Middle Avenue Vasilevsky island, where during the reign of Tsar Peter I settled the Germans that came to his service. In this place was going to make the center of St. Petersburg.

In 1731 there was a cadet corps, and in one of the areas it has established a separate community for the children of Lutherans. Three years later it was consecrated Continue reading

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Ancient ritual structure
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Great Zavolzhsky shaft
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